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托福写作模板引发的“惨案”!

2018-05-30 17:14     供稿单位: 新航道    

出国英语考试有哪些 雅思6.5是什么水平 雅思阅读评分标准 托福阅读评分标准 雅思和托福的区别

  在托福写作中能不能用模板?如果能用,应该用什么样的模板,如何用模板?这是使大多数小伙伴困惑的问题。

 

  先讲一个网上流传的故事:一个熟背英语日常对话的人不小心掉到了悬崖下面,奄奄一息之际,听到救援人员的问题:How are you?这个人脱口而出:I’ m fine, thank you. And you?救援人员一听这人没啥事就走了。

 

  由此可见滥用模板的害处。那么,在托福作文中的什么地方适合用模板呢?答案是:首末段比较适合用一些框架性语言。

 

  下面来看一个末段模板:

  When all the facts are examined, the advantages and disadvantages weighed, and biased opinions cast away, it is not difficult to draw the conclusion that...

  上述模板的特点是“装傻”,以大而空的陈词滥调凑字数,不结合文章的具体内容来进行总结和提升。

 

  下面再来看一个综合作文模板:

  In the lecture, the professor makes several points about ____. The professor argues that ____. However, the reading contends that ____. The professor’s lecture challenges the reading by using a number of points that are contrary to ____.

  The first point is that the professor uses to cast doubt on the reading is ____. According to the professor, ____. ____ differs from the reading in which the reading says ____. The point made by the professor challenges the reading because ____.

  Another point that the professor uses to question the reading is ____. The professor states that ____. However, the reading claims ____. This point is refuted by ____.

  The third point that the professor uses to undermine the reading is ____. According to the lecture, ____. In contract, the reading says that ____. This directly contradicts what the lecture indicates, because ____.

 

  上述模板的特点是“耍赖”。综合作文要求的字数是150-225,而上面的模板就有134个字。运用这样“超长”模板的最终结果就是导致小伙伴的作文只见模板不见文章的具体内容。

 

  事实上,运用模板就像游泳时的救生圈。有了救生圈能确保不会淹死;用了模板能帮助小伙伴们拿到一个基本的作文分数。但是,就像用救生圈游泳无法说明自己是游泳高手一样,完全运用模板也无法说明自己是一个写作高手。因此,如果基础较好,小伙伴们在写作时不要在文章中显露出太多的模板痕迹。

 

  综上所述,不要用太长的模板和太死版的模板(即无法在其基础上做灵活处理的模板),更不要从网上随便找一个模板,然后一词不落的套用。

 

  大家需要把平时积累的高分素材和范文多加运用和练习,变成自己的语言来写作,不能生搬硬套,这样托福写作才能获得高分。

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